Sami McLaren

The concept of bias in newspapers has been a topic of intense debate in the past, present and will undoubtedly continue to be so as long as people have opinions. This becomes even more problematic where war and conflict coverage is concerned; whom do you support? Who do you stand against? How do you portray this to justify the position you hold?

Israel and Palestine have seen some of the most dichotomised journalistic practices towards their conflict, with newspapers stressing the importance of Israel being able to defend itself and with other newspapers highlighting the significance to stand with the Palestinian people and their plight. Literature has concluded that there was no bias in the coverage of the First and Second Intifada, but there’s also been literature that states that the Palestinian point-of-view is not explored in enough detail. Operation Protective Edge, Israel’s 2014 military campaign into Gaza, reminded the world that it’s not over; peace is still not in sight. There is no literature on this particular operation and its construction within the Western world, and this research aims to discuss how both The Times and the Daily Mail framed Israel and guided it along a defensive stance; justifying the need to defend itself by indiscriminately bombing innocent civilians in the hope of exterminating Hamas militants. Some news sources could be understood to support Palestinian revolt. Nonetheless, a Western pro-democracy/anti-terrorist rhetoric is reflected, from the language used to discuss Hamas, to the opinions placed next to articles discussing the killings of four children on a beach in Gaza. Awareness of these techniques is important if future news reports are to be truly neutral towards highly emotionally-charged event.

Emma Holt

What is a Fan? A Short Documentary

This short documentary explores the realm of fan culture and activity. Without hesitation it asks the audience the ultimate question, what is a fan?

I produced this documentary because I am fan myself, and I used this as a tool to help me realise my true self and what it means to be a fan. The film itself, explores deeper into the world of fan culture, asking questions whether there are different ways to be a fan and if this means that someone is less of a fan because they practice it differently.   The documentary is focused around interviews from London’s Film and Comic Con, and a profile of a ‘hard-core’ fan. The questions asked are based on the area of fandoms and why it’s all coming to the forefront of society now. The questions posed cause the interviewees to think and make them contemplate what it actually means to be a fan and why it matters. Also, they are asked to consider the negative side within fandoms, and see if this prevents them in any way as being a fan.   However, the documentary isn’t looking for the right answer. It’s used as a way to represent the fans themselves. Those who are open and want to show outsiders the truth about the fan world and get them to engage with this area.

So, this is a fan creating a short documentary about fans and it’s up to you, the viewer, to decide what a fan is.